An oil storage terminal is an indoor commercial facility where petroleum, oil, and related products are stored, processed, or marketed for retail sale. It is commonly used as a transfer point for crude oil and gasoline. It connects the oil storage tanks to the receiving terminal, where petroleum and hydrocarbon products can be loaded and transferred to vessels for transport to consumers. In addition to storing petroleum products, it also houses an on-site diesel storage facility. Refineries that process crude oil also have storage terminals.
The number of oil storage terminals has increased dramatically in recent years. There are about 150 terminals across a single country, with another hundred in development. These terminals are needed to meet the increasing demand for energy products. The increase in demand for products such as gas and electricity created by the increased population in developing countries has increased the demand for oil and gas products, as well as other energy products such as natural gas and electricity.
Oil Storages have Their Own State Laws: Oil storage terminals need to comply with both federal and provincial environmental laws. There are many regulations regarding the separation of petroleum gas from oil and gas liquids and the containment of liquid chemicals. There are also regulations regarding the transportation of liquid chemicals and petroleum gases. When a containment system is not installed, a spill could occur and the environment would be adversely affected.
Safety and Environmental Laws: Environmental laws and safety regulations require that the oil storage terminals maintain an adequate spill response plan in place. If an incident should occur, the oil storage tank terminals must be capable of containing and clean up any spilled materials, to protect the local environment. It is important to ensure that the oil storage terminal has the ability to contain a spill. This is especially true in the event of a leak or rupture of a containment dome.
Oil Storages Carry Dangerous Substances: As oil storage terminals are generally used to store liquid substances that are hazardous to the environment, it is important to make sure that the equipment is also safe to use. It is important to choose the right equipment and ensure that it meets industry standards. Diesel storage tanks are generally more durable and stronger than most other types of storage tanks.
Oil storage terminals are usually constructed near oil refineries and are placed in a low bed trailer. Safety control points are incorporated into the design of the pipeline network so that spills are contained in the safest and most effective way possible.